Skip to main content

Data management API

This topic describes the data management API endpoints for Apache Druid. This includes information on how to mark segments as used or unused and delete them from Druid.

In this topic, http://ROUTER_IP:ROUTER_PORT is a placeholder for your Router service address and port. Replace it with the information for your deployment. For example, use http://localhost:8888 for quickstart deployments.

info

Avoid using indexing or kill tasks and these APIs at the same time for the same datasource and time chunk.

Segment management

You can mark segments as used by sending POST requests to the datasource, but the Coordinator may subsequently mark segments as unused if they meet any configured drop rules. Even if these API requests update segments to used, you still need to configure a load rule to load them onto Historical processes.

When you use these APIs concurrently with an indexing task or a kill task, the behavior is undefined. Druid terminates some segments and marks others as used. Furthermore, it is possible that all segments could be unused, yet an indexing task might still be able to read data from these segments and complete successfully.

Segment IDs

You must provide segment IDs when using many of the endpoints described in this topic. For information on segment IDs, see Segment identification. For information on finding segment IDs in the web console, see Segments.

Mark a single segment unused

Marks the state of a segment as unused, using the segment ID. This is a "soft delete" of the segment from Historicals. To undo this action, mark the segment used.

Note that this endpoint returns an HTTP 200 OK response code even if the segment ID or datasource doesn't exist.

URL

DELETE /druid/coordinator/v1/datasources/:datasource/segments/:segmentId

The following headers are required for this request:

Content-Type: application/json
Accept: application/json, text/plain

Responses

Successfully updated segment


Sample request

The following example updates the segment wikipedia_hour_2015-09-12T16:00:00.000Z_2015-09-12T17:00:00.000Z_2023-08-10T04:12:03.860Z from datasource wikipedia_hour as unused.

curl --request DELETE "http://ROUTER_IP:ROUTER_PORT/druid/coordinator/v1/datasources/wikipedia_hour/segments/wikipedia_hour_2015-09-12T16:00:00.000Z_2015-09-12T17:00:00.000Z_2023-08-10T04:12:03.860Z" \
--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
--header 'Accept: application/json, text/plain'

Sample response

Show sample response
{
"segmentStateChanged": true
}

Mark a single segment as used

Marks the state of a segment as used, using the segment ID.

URL

POST /druid/coordinator/v1/datasources/segments/:segmentId

Header

The following headers are required for this request:

Content-Type: application/json
Accept: application/json, text/plain

Responses

Successfully updated segments


Sample request

The following example updates the segment with ID wikipedia_hour_2015-09-12T18:00:00.000Z_2015-09-12T19:00:00.000Z_2023-08-10T04:12:03.860Z to used.

curl --request POST "http://ROUTER_IP:ROUTER_PORT/druid/coordinator/v1/datasources/wikipedia_hour/segments/wikipedia_hour_2015-09-12T18:00:00.000Z_2015-09-12T19:00:00.000Z_2023-08-10T04:12:03.860Z" \
--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
--header 'Accept: application/json, text/plain'

Sample response

Show sample response
{
"segmentStateChanged": true
}

Mark a group of segments unused

Marks the state of a group of segments as unused, using an array of segment IDs or an interval. Pass the array of segment IDs or interval as a JSON object in the request body.

For the interval, specify the start and end times as ISO 8601 strings to identify segments inclusive of the start time and exclusive of the end time. Optionally, specify an array of segment versions with interval. Druid updates only the segments completely contained within the specified interval that match the optional list of versions; partially overlapping segments are not affected.

URL

POST /druid/coordinator/v1/datasources/:datasource/markUnused

Request body

The group of segments is sent as a JSON request payload that accepts the following properties:

PropertyDescriptionRequiredExample
intervalISO 8601 segments interval.Yes, if segmentIds is not specified."2015-09-12T03:00:00.000Z/2015-09-12T05:00:00.000Z"
segmentIdsList of segment IDs.Yes, if interval is not specified.["segmentId1", "segmentId2"]
versionsList of segment versions. Must be provided with interval.No.["2024-03-14T16:00:04.086Z", ""2024-03-12T16:00:04.086Z"]

Responses

Successfully updated segments


Sample request

The following example marks two segments from the wikipedia_hour datasource unused based on their segment IDs.

curl "http://ROUTER_IP:ROUTER_PORT/druid/coordinator/v1/datasources/wikipedia_hour/markUnused" \
--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
--data '{
"segmentIds": [
"wikipedia_hour_2015-09-12T14:00:00.000Z_2015-09-12T15:00:00.000Z_2023-08-10T04:12:03.860Z",
"wikipedia_hour_2015-09-12T04:00:00.000Z_2015-09-12T05:00:00.000Z_2023-08-10T04:12:03.860Z"
]
}'

Sample response

Show sample response
{
"numChangedSegments": 2
}

Mark a group of segments used

Marks the state of a group of segments as used, using an array of segment IDs or an interval. Pass the array of segment IDs or interval as a JSON object in the request body.

For the interval, specify the start and end times as ISO 8601 strings to identify segments inclusive of the start time and exclusive of the end time. Optionally, specify an array of segment versions with interval. Druid updates only the segments completely contained within the specified interval that match the optional list of versions; partially overlapping segments are not affected.

URL

POST /druid/coordinator/v1/datasources/:datasource/markUsed

Request body

The group of segments is sent as a JSON request payload that accepts the following properties:

PropertyDescriptionRequiredExample
intervalISO 8601 segments interval.Yes, if segmentIds is not specified."2015-09-12T03:00:00.000Z/2015-09-12T05:00:00.000Z"
segmentIdsList of segment IDs.Yes, if interval is not specified.["segmentId1", "segmentId2"]
versionsList of segment versions. Must be provided with interval.No.["2024-03-14T16:00:04.086Z", ""2024-03-12T16:00:04.086Z"]

Responses

Successfully updated segments


Sample request

The following example marks two segments from the wikipedia_hour datasource used based on their segment IDs.

curl "http://ROUTER_IP:ROUTER_PORT/druid/coordinator/v1/datasources/wikipedia_hour/markUsed" \
--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
--data '{
"segmentIds": [
"wikipedia_hour_2015-09-12T14:00:00.000Z_2015-09-12T15:00:00.000Z_2023-08-10T04:12:03.860Z",
"wikipedia_hour_2015-09-12T04:00:00.000Z_2015-09-12T05:00:00.000Z_2023-08-10T04:12:03.860Z"
]
}'

Sample response

Show sample response
{
"numChangedSegments": 2
}

Mark all segments unused

Marks the state of all segments of a datasource as unused. This action performs a "soft delete" of the segments from Historicals.

Note that this endpoint returns an HTTP 200 OK response code even if the datasource doesn't exist.

URL

DELETE /druid/coordinator/v1/datasources/:datasource

Responses

Successfully updated segments


Sample request

curl --request DELETE "http://ROUTER_IP:ROUTER_PORT/druid/coordinator/v1/datasources/wikipedia_hour"

Sample response

Show sample response
{
"numChangedSegments": 24
}

Mark all segments used

Marks the state of all unused segments of a datasource as used. The endpoint returns the number of changed segments.

Note that this endpoint returns an HTTP 200 OK response code even if the datasource doesn't exist.

URL

POST /druid/coordinator/v1/datasources/:datasource

Header

The following headers are required for this request:

Content-Type: application/json
Accept: application/json, text/plain

Responses

Successfully updated segments


Sample request

The following example updates all unused segments of wikipedia_hour to used. wikipedia_hour contains one unused segment eligible to be marked as used.

curl --request POST "http://ROUTER_IP:ROUTER_PORT/druid/coordinator/v1/datasources/wikipedia_hour" \
--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
--header 'Accept: application/json, text/plain'

Sample response

Show sample response
{
"numChangedSegments": 1
}

Segment deletion

Permanently delete segments

The DELETE endpoint sends a kill task for a given interval and datasource. The interval value is an ISO 8601 string delimited by _. This request permanently deletes all metadata for unused segments and removes them from deep storage.

Note that this endpoint returns an HTTP 200 OK response code even if the datasource doesn't exist.

This endpoint supersedes the deprecated endpoint: DELETE /druid/coordinator/v1/datasources/:datasource?kill=true&interval=:interval

URL

DELETE /druid/coordinator/v1/datasources/:datasource/intervals/:interval

Responses

Successfully sent kill task


Sample request

The following example sends a kill task to permanently delete segments in the datasource wikipedia_hour from the interval 2015-09-12 to 2015-09-13.

curl --request DELETE "http://ROUTER_IP:ROUTER_PORT/druid/coordinator/v1/datasources/wikipedia_hour/intervals/2015-09-12_2015-09-13"

Sample response

A successful request returns an HTTP 200 OK and an empty response body.